The most crucial component of an automobile is the wheels, as they are responsible for the vehicle to run smoothly and safely. Wheels are the only part that is in contact with roads. Hence it is always essential to choose the best quality wheels for our vehicle.
Vehicles can not run without wheels, and wheels are incomplete without the tyres because rims and tyres are combined to make a tyre. So it is better to research before choosing the suitable brands for buying tyres and wheels. However, technology has made it easy to buy branded rims and tyres online without any hassle. This article acts as a complete guide to know more about wheels.
Types of wheels
There are different types of wheels based on the components they are made
Conventional metal wheels
These are the most commonly used types because they use easy methods for manufacturing from their time of inception. These wheels consist of metal rims and rubber moulded tyres. When these tyres were first invented, natural rubbers were used as the primary raw material in the manufacturing process. But nowadays, different polymers are used in the making of wheels based on their purpose. Conventional wheels are cheaper to manufacture, but the downside is that the cars using them may have low fuel economy due to their heavyweight.
Alloy wheels are modern types of wheels that are made of low weight alloys having high strength. The low weight of the rims is due to aluminium which is the primary metal alloyed with other metals, namely nickel, magnesium, titanium, etc., for greater strength. Alloy wheels being less in weight allows the vehicle to perform better with less fuel consumption. In addition to their lighter weight, alloy wheels are good conductors of heat which make them efficient in terms of braking as alloys are good conductors of heat. The heat generated must be conducted rapidly; otherwise, the braking system may collapse. Considering this fact, alloy wheels have the edge over conventional wheels since they dissipate heat quickly. However, alloy wheels are expensive, but the advantages they offer are more compared to the downsides.
In low-cost wheels, paints are used to cast the surface to prevent them from corrosion. In contrast, the wheels manufactured by reputed brands come with chrome metal coating for a premium finish., Chromium coating has a longer life compared to cheap paint coats.
In these wheels, multiple pieces of metals are forged to make them into a single product. These pieces are then moulded with high pressure to manufacture rims. This method is usually used to make steel rims which is a laborious process.
Cast rims are made of alloys in a molten state and are poured into the moulds to make rims. This method is easy and less time-consuming. Manufacturing rims with different looks and designs are possible by the casting method.
Things to look at before buying wheels
With all features and specifications listed on the websites, many reputed brands have started selling rims, spares, accessories and tyres online. While purchasing the tyres, the following are the things to be considered.
Tyre code – tyre codes are imprinted on the sides of the tyres displaying the information of diameter, tyre type, load rating, speed rating, tread width and aspect ratio.
Rating code – this code shows the characteristics of tyres such as temperature resistance, tread wear and traction.
Tyre types – based on your requirements, tyres are to be chosen. For example, all-season tyres, high-performance tyres, all-terrain tyres, truck tyres, etc.
Warranty – look for tread and defect warranties because some manufacturers may not include both of them. One more thing to check is the number of miles for the replacement warranty.
Before buying rims, it is mandatory to check the diameter, offset, backspacing, bead seat, bolt pattern, width and load rating.
Alison Lurie is a farmer of words in the field of creativity. She is an experienced independent content writer with a demonstrated history of working in the writing and editing industry. She is a multi-niche content chef who loves cooking new things.